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Common devil pepper (Rauvolfia verticillata)

Pule pandak or common devil pepper (Rauvolfia verticillata) is a species of plant in the Apocynaceae, an erect shrub up to 5 meters high, the bark is brown with white spots and the young stem is green.

R. verticillata has elongated oval-shaped leaves, pointed tips, flat or wavy margins, a main vein in the middle with many small pinnate veins, green on top and pale underside.

Dlium Common devil pepper (Rauvolfia verticillata)


Inflorescence with 35 flowers or more. Flowers in panicles on long stalks and green, star-shaped crown and white or bright red.

The fruits grow in panicles and clusters, have long stalks, oval in shape, 1.4 cm long, green when young and whitish purple when ripe, oval in shape.

Common devil pepper grows in a variety of habitats from sea level to elevations of 2000 meters. Plants are used for a variety of traditional remedies including to treat snakebites, malaria, typhus and hypertension.



Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Rauvolfioideae
Tribe: Vinceae
Subtribe: Rauvolfiinae
Genus: Rauvolfia
Species: Rauvolfia verticillata

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