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Javan pinang (Pinanga javana)

Pinang Jawa or Javan pinang (Pinanga javana) is a species of plant in Arecaceae, stems erect, 4-10 meters high, 10-15 cm in diameter, 10-30 cm in segments, the surface of the stem is green or brownish green, smooth, slightly longitudinally slit. The crown axis is elongated, 150-200 cm long, 25 cm in diameter, swollen, purplish brown with brown scales and grows at an elevation of 800-1700 meters.

P. javana has 10 leaves on the crown, pinnate, full length 250-300 cm with silvery indumentum on petiole and rachis. Midrib up to 100 cm, stalk up to 30 cm, concave at the adaxial and convex at the bottom.

Dlium Javan pinang (Pinanga javana)

Rachis diameter 3 cm. Leaflets 10-15 items on each side of the rachis, regularly arranged, slightly curved, longitudinally linear-lanceolate, falcate-sigmoid, equidistant, basal leaflet 65-95x1-6 cm and 1-3 ribs, middle leaflet 70-115x2.7 cm and 1-3 ribs, apical leaflets 19-55x1.5-7.5 cm and 2-7 ribs.

Infrafoliar inflorescences, like hands, pendulous spreading, 40-50 cm long, peduncle erect at base, flattened, 9-16 cm long, 0.8-1.5 cm thick. Racillae 8-13 items, arranged alternately, 23-35 cm at base with 19-21 triads, at apex 18-27 cm with 15-17 triads, peduncle, rachis and racillae green when young or bright red with age.

The petals and crown are cream in color and the ovary is green. Petals cup-shaped, 3 sepals, imbricate, broad orbicular, 6-8x4-4.5 mm, smooth, thick in the middle, thin on the sides with ciliated edges, apex mucronate. Corolla with 3 ciliate petals, cucullate round, 4-6x3-4 mm, apex mucronate-blunt.

Fruit ovate to ellipsoidal, 20-26x11-14 mm, pale light yellow or red when young, dark red when ripe then black, dense fibrous pericarp, thin endocarp, membrane. Seeds ovate to ellipsoidal, 18-21x10-13 mm, deep rumination.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Genus: Pinanga
Species: Pinanga javana



Pygmy groundcherry (Physalis minima)

Ceplukan or pygmy groundcherry ( Physalis minima ) is a plant species in the Solanaceae, a pantropical perennial herb, 50 cm high, green in color, grows in wet or semi-wet areas, the fruit is edible and has a pleasant taste, is often used as an anti-cancer, analgesic and anti-inflammatory. P. minima has an erect trunk with many branches, is square with sharp angles, 20-50 cm high, bright green and juicy. The branching produces two or three new stems and becomes the point for producing leaves and fruit. The leaves have a smooth surface, hairless, plain or serrated edges, 2.5-12 cm long, light green color and pointed tips. The stalk is long and continues to be a bone in the center of the leaf with some lateral veins. Bell-shaped flowers with five corners, cream to yellow in color with brown plots on the inside and white pistils. The fruit is yellowish green and packed in a thin covering that turns brown and falls to the ground when ripe. Pygmy groundcherry grows wild in forest edges,

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red

Mount Merbabu National Park

Mount Merbabu National Park is a conservation area of 57.25 square kilometers covering a forest area on Mount Merbabu (3,145 m) in Boyolali Regency, Magelang Regency, and Semarang Regency in Central Java Province, Indonesia. The national park was declared on May 4, 2004 which was previously a protected forest and a natural tourism park. Mount Merbabu National Park is very important as a source of water in the three Regencies and the flora and fauna habitat is protected and preserved. The area consists of mountain forest zones as stated by van Steenis. Lower mountain forest zone at 1,000 - 1,500 m has changed and overgrown by Tusam ( Pinus merkusii ), Puspa ( Schima wallichii ssp. Noronhae) and Bintuni. The upper mountain forest zone at 1,500 - 2,400 m is overgrown with acacia ( Acacia decurrens and Acacia virgata ), Puspa, Sengon gunung ( Albizia lophanta ), Sowo ( Engelhardtia serrata ), mountain cypress ( Casuarina junghuhniana ), Pasang (Quercus sp), and Tanganan. The sub-alp