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Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis)

Sukun or breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a species of plant in Moraceae, tree up to 30 meters tall, large and straight trunk up to 8 meters, often with low and elongated buttresses, loose crown, flat branches, producing latex and large arranged leaves. alternately.

A. altilis has leaves with a width of 20-40 cm, 20-60 cm long, sharing a deep pinnate, slightly tough like the skin, the upper side is dark green and shiny, the underside is rough and hairy. The buds are covered by cone-shaped leaves.

Dlium Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis)

The inflorescences are in the axils of the leaves, near the ends of the branches. Male flowers in spikes are long, hanging, 15-25 cm long, bright green and yellow when ripe, yellow pollen and easily blown by the wind. The female flowers are round or cylindrical, 5-7 cm wide, 8-10 cm long and green.

Compound fruit is the development of compound female flowers, 10-30 cm in diameter. Seed form with soft spines and short, dark green. The seedless form usually has a yellowish green skin with spines that are reduced to a rectangular or hexagonal facet eye pattern.

Seeds are round or slightly flattened to slightly square, brownish, 2.5 cm wide, covered by a flower tent. Breadfruit that does not produce seeds and flower tents at the top are united, growing into fruit flesh.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Artocarpus
Species: Artocarpus altilis



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Sengiran (Pittosporum moluccanum)

Sengiran ( Pittosporum moluccanum ) is a species of plant in the Pittosporaceae, small tree, up to 7 meters high, green leaves, elliptical to narrow elliptical, up to 17 cm long, up to 6 cm wide, sharp tip, narrow base and 1-1.5 cm long stalk. P. moluccanum has an inflorescence which is a collection of flowers. The fruit is red, capsule-shaped, elongated oval, sharp tip, 2 broken valves containing small and red seeds. This species grows in forests, plantations, roadsides, open or shaded areas. Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Tracheophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Apiales Family: Pittosporaceae Genus: Pittosporum Species: Pittosporum moluccanum

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)

Tebu or sugarcane ( Saccharum officinarum ) is a plant species in Poaceae, a large grass that grows strong, a sturdy stalk, rich in sucrose as a simple sugar that accumulates in the stem segment and is widely cultivated in the tropics for the production of sugar, ethanol and others. S. officinarum has tall and broad stems, has no branches, grows upright, 3-5 meters high or more, has a waxy coating that is grayish white, especially on young stems. Each segment has a border where the leaves grow and has a bud which is commonly called the "budding eye". Incomplete leaves consisting only of strands and midribs, sitting at the base of the segment, long strands of 1-2 meters long, 4-7 cm wide and pointed end. The midrib grows elongated and covers the vertebrae, attached to the stem in an intermittent sitting position and protects the buds. Root fibers grow at the base of the stem, 0.5-1 meters long and only the tips of young roots have hairs to absorb nutrients. Sugarcane grows