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Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis)

Sukun or breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a species of plant in Moraceae, tree up to 30 meters tall, large and straight trunk up to 8 meters, often with low and elongated buttresses, loose crown, flat branches, producing latex and large arranged leaves. alternately.

A. altilis has leaves with a width of 20-40 cm, 20-60 cm long, sharing a deep pinnate, slightly tough like the skin, the upper side is dark green and shiny, the underside is rough and hairy. The buds are covered by cone-shaped leaves.

Dlium Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis)


The inflorescences are in the axils of the leaves, near the ends of the branches. Male flowers in spikes are long, hanging, 15-25 cm long, bright green and yellow when ripe, yellow pollen and easily blown by the wind. The female flowers are round or cylindrical, 5-7 cm wide, 8-10 cm long and green.

Compound fruit is the development of compound female flowers, 10-30 cm in diameter. Seed form with soft spines and short, dark green. The seedless form usually has a yellowish green skin with spines that are reduced to a rectangular or hexagonal facet eye pattern.

Seeds are round or slightly flattened to slightly square, brownish, 2.5 cm wide, covered by a flower tent. Breadfruit that does not produce seeds and flower tents at the top are united, growing into fruit flesh.



Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Artocarpus
Species: Artocarpus altilis

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