Skip to main content

Oriental cheesewood (Nauclea orientalis)

Gempol or bangkal or canary cheesewood or oriental cheesewood (Nauclea orientalis) is a species of plant in the Rubiaceae, a low to tall tree, straight trunk, cylindrical, shedding leaves during the dry season, fragrant flowers and fruit, used for wood carving and traditional medicine.

N. orientalis has a straight trunk up to 30 meters high, the bark may be smooth or cracked and grayish in color, many branches in all directions, the wood is soft and yellowish to orange in color.

Dlium Oriental cheesewood (Nauclea orientalis)

Leaves have stalks and sit opposite. The strands are broad ovate, up to 30 cm long, the upper side is green or orange, the lower side has prominent venation. Interpetiolar stipules. On the inner surface has a number of small red glands.

The inflorescences are fragrant, spherical and yellowish to orange in color with white stamens. Individual flowers are 8-10 mm long and 3-5 mm in diameter. Perianth consists of 5 petals and sepals in separate circles. The inner surface of the crown is yellow to orange in color and has a sweet smell.

Flowers are bisexual, 5 short and separate stamens attached to the perianth. The petals fuse together to form a round flower head. Epigynous with an inferior ovary located below the attachment of the rest of the flower.

The flower head develops into a compound fruit with a syncarp that joins the petals and each flower becomes a small fruit containing 1 seed. 4-5 cm in diameter, rugose, brown, very aromatic and unbreakable. Seeds ovoid to ellipsoidal and 1-10 mm long.

Gempol grows near water, alluvial soil, secondary forest and 0-500 m elevation. The fruit is very bitter but edible, a food source for flying foxes, cassowaries and proboscis monkeys (Nasalis larvatus).

Wood is easy to cut but does not withstand weathering, yellowish to orange in color, used for framing, interior floorboards, wood carving, paper production, house construction and for making canoes. The bark is used to make fish poison, a source of yellow dye and treat wounds.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Cinchonoideae
Tribe: Naucleeae
Genus: Nauclea
Species: Nauclea orientalis



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Javanese grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis)

Wooden grasshopper or Javanese grasshopper ( Valanga nigricornis ) is an animal species of Acrididae, grasshoppers that have at least 18 subspecies, insects with very wide diversity in color and size, sexual dimorphism in which females are larger in size and paler in color. V. nigricornis in males has a length of 45-55 millimeters and females 15-75 mm. The head is square and green or yellow or brown or black in color. A pair of antennas has a black color. The eyes are large and gray or white or brownish. The hind legs are very large and have a green or yellow or brown or black color, plain or brindle. The limbs have two rows of large and long spines with black tips facing backward. The wings have a length exceeding the belly, a rough surface and are brown or green or yellow or black in color with pulse lines forming spaces filled with black color. The hind wings are rose red which will be visible when flying. Nymphs are pale green or yellow or brown or blackish in color. Javanese gr

Lawe (Abroma augustum)

Lawe or devil's cotton ( Abroma augustum ) is a plant species in Malvaceae, a small tree or bush that is erect, up to 10 m tall but generally 2-3 m tall, stems and twigs covered with star hair that are sharp, brittle and cause skin itching, sometimes also with glandular hair. A. augustum has a single leaf, alternating, has a long stalk, a heart-shaped base, a pointed tip with a very variable base whose leaves near the base of the branch have a circular shape from the egg to the heart, 3-5 curves, diameter 20-37 cm, while the leaves near the tips of twigs have elongated shapes with smooth toothed edges. The flowers gather in cymes at the tips of the twigs or face leaves, 1-4 buds, 1-3 cm long stems and 6-8 mm bractea. Hanging flowers, 3-5 cm in diameter, 5 angles and 1-3.5 cm long stems. The petals have 5 leaves, share a deep, triangular, 15-20 mm long, 6 mm wide and greenish. The crown has 5 leaves, spoon-shaped, 2-3.5 cm long, 1 cm wide, dark purple or red or yellow, concave an