Skip to main content

Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli)

Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) is a species of plant in the Poaceae, herbaceous, mostly erect stem, up to 1.5 m high, ribbon leaves often purplish at base. Most stems are erect but some will spread over the ground, producing up to 40,000 seeds per year.

E. crus-galli has stems erect to stooped, tall, often thin and branched at the base. The leaves are ribbon-shaped, flat, glabrous, 30-50 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, scaly and slightly thickened at the edges. The sheath is smooth and often reddish.

Dlium Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli)

Panicle 8-30 cm long, green or purple, prominent, slightly nodding, tightly branched, 5 cm long and erect. The spines are 3-4 mm long, densely arranged on the branches, ovate, often long-stemmed, pale green to dull purple and short hairs along the veins.

Racemes spreading, 10 cm long and sometimes branched. The glume and lower lemma are finely haired on the surface with stiffer hairs in the veins.

The first glume is about two-fifths along the spikelet, deltoid, the second glume is along the spikelet, short-awned. The sterile lemma is webbed with straight scabrous awns, 2-4 cm long or without awn. The lemma is fertile ovate-elliptic, pointed, pale yellow, shiny, smooth, 3-3.5 mm long.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Boivinellinae
Genus: Echinochloa
Species: Echinochloa crus-galli
Subspecies: Echinochloa crus-galli ssp. spiralis
Varieties: Echinochloa crus-galli var. crus-galli



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Lawe (Abroma augustum)

Lawe or devil's cotton ( Abroma augustum ) is a plant species in Malvaceae, a small tree or bush that is erect, up to 10 m tall but generally 2-3 m tall, stems and twigs covered with star hair that are sharp, brittle and cause skin itching, sometimes also with glandular hair. A. augustum has a single leaf, alternating, has a long stalk, a heart-shaped base, a pointed tip with a very variable base whose leaves near the base of the branch have a circular shape from the egg to the heart, 3-5 curves, diameter 20-37 cm, while the leaves near the tips of twigs have elongated shapes with smooth toothed edges. The flowers gather in cymes at the tips of the twigs or face leaves, 1-4 buds, 1-3 cm long stems and 6-8 mm bractea. Hanging flowers, 3-5 cm in diameter, 5 angles and 1-3.5 cm long stems. The petals have 5 leaves, share a deep, triangular, 15-20 mm long, 6 mm wide and greenish. The crown has 5 leaves, spoon-shaped, 2-3.5 cm long, 1 cm wide, dark purple or red or yellow, concave an

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red