Skip to main content

Hairy beggarticks (Bidens pilosa)

Ketul or hairy beggarticks (Bidens pilosa) is a species of plant in the Asteraceae, herbaceous erect, branched, up to 1 meter high, stems rectangular, glabrous or hairy, often reddish in color, growing in forests, agricultural land and roadsides.

B. pilosa has leaves sitting opposite, whole or pinnately sharing in 2-3 items and stalks up to 6.5 cm long. The leaves are oval, elongated, pointed tip, 1-12 cm long, 0.5-5.5 cm wide, serrated edges, glabrous or slightly hairy.

Dlium Hairy beggarticks (Bidens pilosa)

The inflorescences are in lobes that gather at the terminal or in the leaf axils. The hump is 5-7 mm long, 7-8 mm in diameter, contains 20-40 clustered flowers and stalks up to 9 cm long.

Peripheral flowers are 5-7 items, short tubed crown and broad oblong or elliptical tongue, 5-8 mm long and yellow or creamy white. The crown is a tubular disc, 5 pinnate and yellow in color.

Fruit hard, slender elongated, 0.5-1.3 cm, dark brown when ripe with 2-3 needle-like hooks and prickly at the end. The fruit is attached to the hair or body of an animal for dispersal.

Hairy beggarticks like moist soil and full sun at elevations up to 2300 meters. Flowering throughout the year and within a week producing fruit with 35-60% of seeds will germinate. Seeds stored for 3-5 years can still germinate 80%.

The leaves are used in traditional medicine to treat coughs, angina, headaches, fever, diabetes, constipation, diarrhea, intestinal worms, stomach pain, toothache, poisoning, aches, itching and rheumatic pain.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Coreopsideae
Genus: Bidens
Species: Bidens pilosa
Variety: Bidens pilosa var. minor, Bidens pilosa var. pilosa



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Soapbush (Clidemia hirta)

Senggani bulu or soapbush or Koster's curse ( Clidemia hirta ) is a species of tropical plants, perennial shrubs, grows as high as 0.5-3 m, but sometimes reaches 5 m in more shady habitat, young stems are round and covered with hair, stiff, reddish brown. C. hirta has simple leaves arranged opposite to the stem, oval-shaped in a wide line at the base with a pointed tip and almost entirely to a smooth jagged margin. The upper surface is rarely covered with hair, while the lower surface has thick hair. The leaves have a rather tangled appearance and five main veins are straight, curved and spread in parallel from the base of the leaf to the tip. Minor veins spread transversely and straightly that connect the five main veins. The flowers are arranged in small clusters at the ends of branches, growing on very short stems and having five white petals or sometimes pale pinks. The base of the flower is covered with a mixture of coarse and sticky hair, five sepals but these are ver

Melinjo (Gnetum gnemon)

Melinjo or belinjo or tangkil ( Gnetum gnemon ) is a species of gymnosperms in Gnetaceae, dioecious, tree-shaped, living wild but also widely planted in the yard as a shade or barrier where seeds, seed coat and young leaves are processed into food. G. gnemon is a tree and has a straight trunk, this is different from other Gnetum which is usually a liana. Annual plants with open seeds, do not produce true flowers and fruit. Fake fruit is basically a seed wrapped in a layer of aryl fleshy. Single leaf oval and blunt tip. Melinjo live for more than 100 years, 25 m tall and produce 80-100 kg of seeds per harvest. They adapt to a wide temperature range and are very easy to find in various areas except the coast. Grows in forests, plantations and home gardens. Plants are propagated by generative and vegetative methods. Belinjo can be found in arid, tropical regions and does not require highly nutritious soils or special climates. Grow on clay, sandy and calcareous soil at an altitude of