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Hairy beggarticks (Bidens pilosa)

Ketul or hairy beggarticks (Bidens pilosa) is a species of plant in the Asteraceae, herbaceous erect, branched, up to 1 meter high, stems rectangular, glabrous or hairy, often reddish in color, growing in forests, agricultural land and roadsides.

B. pilosa has leaves sitting opposite, whole or pinnately sharing in 2-3 items and stalks up to 6.5 cm long. The leaves are oval, elongated, pointed tip, 1-12 cm long, 0.5-5.5 cm wide, serrated edges, glabrous or slightly hairy.

Dlium Hairy beggarticks (Bidens pilosa)

The inflorescences are in lobes that gather at the terminal or in the leaf axils. The hump is 5-7 mm long, 7-8 mm in diameter, contains 20-40 clustered flowers and stalks up to 9 cm long.

Peripheral flowers are 5-7 items, short tubed crown and broad oblong or elliptical tongue, 5-8 mm long and yellow or creamy white. The crown is a tubular disc, 5 pinnate and yellow in color.

Fruit hard, slender elongated, 0.5-1.3 cm, dark brown when ripe with 2-3 needle-like hooks and prickly at the end. The fruit is attached to the hair or body of an animal for dispersal.

Hairy beggarticks like moist soil and full sun at elevations up to 2300 meters. Flowering throughout the year and within a week producing fruit with 35-60% of seeds will germinate. Seeds stored for 3-5 years can still germinate 80%.

The leaves are used in traditional medicine to treat coughs, angina, headaches, fever, diabetes, constipation, diarrhea, intestinal worms, stomach pain, toothache, poisoning, aches, itching and rheumatic pain.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Coreopsideae
Genus: Bidens
Species: Bidens pilosa
Variety: Bidens pilosa var. minor, Bidens pilosa var. pilosa



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Sengiran (Pittosporum moluccanum)

Sengiran ( Pittosporum moluccanum ) is a species of plant in the Pittosporaceae, small tree, up to 7 meters high, green leaves, elliptical to narrow elliptical, up to 17 cm long, up to 6 cm wide, sharp tip, narrow base and 1-1.5 cm long stalk. P. moluccanum has an inflorescence which is a collection of flowers. The fruit is red, capsule-shaped, elongated oval, sharp tip, 2 broken valves containing small and red seeds. This species grows in forests, plantations, roadsides, open or shaded areas. Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Tracheophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Apiales Family: Pittosporaceae Genus: Pittosporum Species: Pittosporum moluccanum

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)

Tebu or sugarcane ( Saccharum officinarum ) is a plant species in Poaceae, a large grass that grows strong, a sturdy stalk, rich in sucrose as a simple sugar that accumulates in the stem segment and is widely cultivated in the tropics for the production of sugar, ethanol and others. S. officinarum has tall and broad stems, has no branches, grows upright, 3-5 meters high or more, has a waxy coating that is grayish white, especially on young stems. Each segment has a border where the leaves grow and has a bud which is commonly called the "budding eye". Incomplete leaves consisting only of strands and midribs, sitting at the base of the segment, long strands of 1-2 meters long, 4-7 cm wide and pointed end. The midrib grows elongated and covers the vertebrae, attached to the stem in an intermittent sitting position and protects the buds. Root fibers grow at the base of the stem, 0.5-1 meters long and only the tips of young roots have hairs to absorb nutrients. Sugarcane grows