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Egyptian acacia (Vachellia nilotica)

Egyptian acacia (Vachellia nilotica) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, tree up to 20 meters tall, densely rounded crown, irregularly cylindrical stem, branching, bark dark to black and fissures to form linear, young trees having thin spines and mature trees are generally spineless.

V. nilotica has bipinnate leaves, 3-6 pairs of pinnulae and 10-30 pairs of leaflets with rounded tips, green, tomentose and rachis with glands on the underside of the last pair of pinnulae.

Dlium Egyptian acacia (Vachellia nilotica)


Flowers on the head round, 1.2-1.5 cm in diameter, bright yellow, in the armpit or coiled on a stalk 2-3 cm long located at the end of the branch. The pods are very limited, hairy, white-grey, thick and soft tomentose.

Egyptian acacia can thrive in dry areas and flooded areas with an elevation of 10-1340 meters, tolerant of an annual rainfall of 3.8 dm, an annual temperature of 18-50C and a soil pH of 5-8.







Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Genus: Vachellia
Species: Vachellia nilotica
Subspecies: Vachellia nilotica ssp. adstringens, Vachellia nilotica ssp. cupressiformis, Vachellia nilotica ssp. hemispherica, Vachellia nilotica ssp. indica, Vachellia nilotica ssp. kraussiana, Vachellia nilotica ssp. leiocarpa, Vachellia nilotica ssp. tomentosa

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