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Elephant bell gourd (Trichosanthes tricuspidata)

Elephant bell gourd (Trichosanthes tricuspidata) is a plant species in the Cucurbitaceae, stems grow elongated to propagate or climb, many branches, cylindrical in shape and green in color.

T. cochinchinensis has stem tips or branches that twist to attach themselves to a support or other plant. It grows to climb to cover a support, usually on another plant, up to several meters and creeps along the ground to reach another support.

Dlium Elephant bell gourd (Trichosanthes tricuspidata)


Arrow-shaped leaves, split base, sharp apex and two wings at an acute angle, have many veins ending at a sharp edge, green and have a long petiole. Single flower is white.

The fruit is round to oval, ends with a tail, young green and turns red with maturity, thin skin, thick flesh and reddish yellow, has a short stalk and hangs. The seeds are in the middle of the fruit. Seeds are white, oval and flat. Black coated seeds.

Elephant bell gourd grows wild in primary and secondary forests, agricultural land, roadsides, watersheds, especially on slopes, damp and dry, shady and full of sun and is not cultivated.



Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Tribe: Sicyoeae
Genus: Trichosanthes
Species: Trichosanthes tricuspidata
Subspecies: Trichosanthes tricuspidata asperifolia, Trichosanthes tricuspidata seramensis, Trichosanthes tricuspidata siberutensis, Trichosanthes tricuspidata javanica, Trichosanthes tricuspidata rotundata, Trichosanthes tricuspidata tricuspidata, Trichosanthes tricuspidata flavofila, Trichosanthes tricuspidata strigosa, Trichosanthes tricuspidata tomentosa

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