Skip to main content

Broadleaf lady palm (Rhapis excelsa)

Palem jari or broadleaf lady palm or little lady palm (Rhapis excelsa) is a species of plant in the Arecaceae, forming dense clumps with broad, fan-shaped, dark green leaves, growing up to 4 meters and a stem diameter of 30 mm.

R. excelsa is a multi-stemmed clump with glossy leaves divided into broad, ribbed segments. Leaf segments are single or few in young plants and increase to a dozen or more in mature plants. Segments are divided on the petiole.

Dlium Broadleaf lady palm (Rhapis excelsa)

Slender petioles with a length of 20-60 cm. New leaves emerge from the fibrous sheaths that remain attached to the base. As the plant ages, the petals fall off to reveal a bamboo-like stem.

Small inflorescence at the top of the plant with fleshy flowers which are arranged spirally and contain three petals fused at the base. Ripe fruit is fleshy and white. This species prefers to propagate via underground rhizome branches.

The stem height reaches 2.5 m with a frond diameter of 15-21 mm and 8-12 mm without fronds. The leaf sheaths loosely wrap around the stem, usually with outer and inner fibers of equal thickness, producing a squarish web, some young sheaths with flatter and coarser outer fibers and tomentum, the ligule not remaining intact at maturity.

Petiole up to 4 mm wide, margin often smooth, rarely scabby, often contains brown papillae. V-shaped or semicircular blade, variable in size, often with a prominent palm, segments 4-13, crease 11-25, up to 375 mm long, broad, sides relatively straight, slightly tapering at base and apex, apex sometimes clustered, usually truncated, with regularly toothed secondary divisions, primary divisions up to 2.5-61 mm from base of blade, sometimes with brown papillae at base and along ribs, sometimes scaly along adaxial ribs, thick texture, adaxial and abaxial surfaces have color which are similar, often with a yellow tinge, adaxial sometimes darker, transverse leaf veins conspicuous.

Male and female inflorescences are similar in general appearance and branch into 2 or 3 orders. Tubular prophyll, overlapping base of first bract rachis, relatively thin texture, reddish-brown, sometimes darker at base, inner surface smooth, outer surface with tomentum often only at distal end.

Rachis bracts 2-3, sometimes with incomplete distal bract, similar to profile. Overall length rachis up to 260 mm, diameter 4-8 mm. Rachillae 7.5-110 mm long, 0.8-1.9 mm in diameter, usually glabrous, pale brown, sometimes with a small patch of tomentum caducous. Solid flowers on rachillae.

Male flowers are round when young, elongated when mature measuring 5.2 x 3.8 mm. Petals up to 2.8 mm, lobes up to 2 mm, usually with regular margins. Corolla sometimes narrows into a short stalk up to 1 mm long. Filaments, rows up to 2.2 mm shorter, rows longer, up to 2.5 mm, broad, up to 0.4 mm, adaxial keel, triangular cross-section. Pistillode sometimes present.

Female flowers up to 3.6 x 3.2 mm. Petals to 2.3 mm. Corolla with receiver stem up to 1.1 mm. Staminode is present. Fruit sometimes with 3 developed carpels, often only one reaching maturity, up to 8-10 x 8 mm, borne on a short receptive stalk up to 2 mm long, translucent shiny epicarp, small papillose, with inconspicuous black lenticels.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Trachycarpeae
Subtribe: Rhapidinae
Genus: Rhapis
Species: Rhapis excelsa



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Soapbush (Clidemia hirta)

Senggani bulu or soapbush or Koster's curse ( Clidemia hirta ) is a species of tropical plants, perennial shrubs, grows as high as 0.5-3 m, but sometimes reaches 5 m in more shady habitat, young stems are round and covered with hair, stiff, reddish brown. C. hirta has simple leaves arranged opposite to the stem, oval-shaped in a wide line at the base with a pointed tip and almost entirely to a smooth jagged margin. The upper surface is rarely covered with hair, while the lower surface has thick hair. The leaves have a rather tangled appearance and five main veins are straight, curved and spread in parallel from the base of the leaf to the tip. Minor veins spread transversely and straightly that connect the five main veins. The flowers are arranged in small clusters at the ends of branches, growing on very short stems and having five white petals or sometimes pale pinks. The base of the flower is covered with a mixture of coarse and sticky hair, five sepals but these are ver

Melinjo (Gnetum gnemon)

Melinjo or belinjo or tangkil ( Gnetum gnemon ) is a species of gymnosperms in Gnetaceae, dioecious, tree-shaped, living wild but also widely planted in the yard as a shade or barrier where seeds, seed coat and young leaves are processed into food. G. gnemon is a tree and has a straight trunk, this is different from other Gnetum which is usually a liana. Annual plants with open seeds, do not produce true flowers and fruit. Fake fruit is basically a seed wrapped in a layer of aryl fleshy. Single leaf oval and blunt tip. Melinjo live for more than 100 years, 25 m tall and produce 80-100 kg of seeds per harvest. They adapt to a wide temperature range and are very easy to find in various areas except the coast. Grows in forests, plantations and home gardens. Plants are propagated by generative and vegetative methods. Belinjo can be found in arid, tropical regions and does not require highly nutritious soils or special climates. Grow on clay, sandy and calcareous soil at an altitude of