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Creeping tick trefoil (Grona triflora)

Rumput Jeram or jeram or creeping tick trefoil (Grona triflora) is a plant species in the Fabaceae, an annual herb or annuals, growing creeping on the ground, strong taproot with cylindrical stems, segmented, rough surface, many branches, brown and white hair .

G. triflora has green leaves, stalks, alternate and compound with three strands. Each leaf is heart-shaped or ovoid, wide at the tip with a center not more than 0.6 cm, white hair and a vein in the middle.

Dlium Creeping tick trefoil (Grona triflora)


Flowers are bisexual, grow in the axils of the leaves and are white or bright red or purple in the axils. The crown is shaped like a butterfly. Pods slightly curved, hairy, three-chambered and 4-8 seeds. Small seeds, light brown, have modifications such as sharp hairs that allow them to stick firmly to objects.

Tropical plants that grow from the lowlands to an elevation of 1500 meters, rainfall 1500-4000 mm/year. Grows well in low to medium fertility soils, pH 5-6.5 in full sun or in shade.

This plant contains flavonoids, alkoloids, ethanolic, indole-3-acetic acid, trigonelline, choline, hypaphorine, saponins, terpenoids, anthocyanins, tyrumine, steroids, phenolics and amino acids.



This species has been used in traditional medicine to treat flatulence, diarrhea, dysentery, hemorrhoids, asthma, fever, rheumatism, wounds, boils, meningitis, antiseptic, mouthwash, cough, snake venom antidote, smallpox, wound medicine and skin problems.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Desmodieae
Subtribe: Desmodiinae
Genus: Grona
Species: Grona triflora

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