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Breadnut (Artocarpus camansi)

Kluwih or breadnut (Artocarpus camansi) is a plant species in Moraceae, a tree with a height of up to 35 meters, cylindrical stem, hard and sturdy, many branches, producing a milky white sticky sap on the surface of the stem and has a growth rate of 0.5-1.5 meters per year.

A. camansi has large, thick and strong leaves, 40-60 cm long, 25-45 cm wide and pinnately pinnate. Male and female flowers occur at the ends of the branches. Each male flower has two anthers and is club-shaped. Thousands of male flowers are grouped together in 3 cm diameter and 25-35 cm long inflorescences.

Dlium Breadnut (Artocarpus camansi)

The fruit is round, thick and spiny skin, weighing 800 g, 16-20 cm long, 8-15 cm wide, greenish-yellow in color and each mature tree produces 600-800 fruits per year. The inside of the fruit is white with a sweet taste and aroma. Each fruit has 12-150 seeds with a mass of 7-10 g per seed.

Kluwih can be found in tropical environments along the lowlands at elevations of 0-1550 meters, on stagnant river banks and in water swamps. Plants do best in an annual temperature range of 15-40C in deep, well-drained soil with neutral to alkaline soil acidity.

Fruit is described as having high nutritional value but is an underutilized food source. Young fruit is usually consumed by cutting it thinly and then boiling it in sub as a vegetable. Often cooked with coconut milk and spices.

The young seeds are roasted, boiled, canned, ground or processed into a paste, butter, flour or oil. The old seeds are blended and added with a little water to mix palm sugar, coconut milk, salt and glutinous rice flour until it thickens and becomes jenang. Roasted fruit flesh and given the spices to be shredded. Wood is used for industrial purposes.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Artocarpus
Species: Artocarpus camansi



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Sengiran (Pittosporum moluccanum)

Sengiran ( Pittosporum moluccanum ) is a species of plant in the Pittosporaceae, small tree, up to 7 meters high, green leaves, elliptical to narrow elliptical, up to 17 cm long, up to 6 cm wide, sharp tip, narrow base and 1-1.5 cm long stalk. P. moluccanum has an inflorescence which is a collection of flowers. The fruit is red, capsule-shaped, elongated oval, sharp tip, 2 broken valves containing small and red seeds. This species grows in forests, plantations, roadsides, open or shaded areas. Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Tracheophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Apiales Family: Pittosporaceae Genus: Pittosporum Species: Pittosporum moluccanum

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)

Tebu or sugarcane ( Saccharum officinarum ) is a plant species in Poaceae, a large grass that grows strong, a sturdy stalk, rich in sucrose as a simple sugar that accumulates in the stem segment and is widely cultivated in the tropics for the production of sugar, ethanol and others. S. officinarum has tall and broad stems, has no branches, grows upright, 3-5 meters high or more, has a waxy coating that is grayish white, especially on young stems. Each segment has a border where the leaves grow and has a bud which is commonly called the "budding eye". Incomplete leaves consisting only of strands and midribs, sitting at the base of the segment, long strands of 1-2 meters long, 4-7 cm wide and pointed end. The midrib grows elongated and covers the vertebrae, attached to the stem in an intermittent sitting position and protects the buds. Root fibers grow at the base of the stem, 0.5-1 meters long and only the tips of young roots have hairs to absorb nutrients. Sugarcane grows