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Java apple (Syzygium samarangense)

Jambu Semarang or Java apple (Syzygium samarangense) is a species of plant in Myrtaceae, a tropical tree up to 15 meters high, many branches, short trunk, wide but open crown from the bottom of the tree, the bark is bright red gray and easily peels off.

S. samarangense has green leaves, oval, elongated and slender, sharp tip, 10-28 cm long, 5-10 cm wide, aromatic when crushed. The leaves sit opposite and have short stalks.

Dlium Java apple (Syzygium samarangense)

Flowers are formed in panicles, white to yellowish white, 2.5 cm in diameter, four petals and many stamens. The flowers and fruit produced are not limited to the leaf axils and can appear at almost any point on the surface of the stem and branches.

Edible bell-shaped berries, white or pale green or green or red or purple or dark red or dark purple or black. The fruit is 4-7 cm long and has four fleshy calyx lobes at the end. Thin skin, white and chewy flesh. Each berry houses a spherical shaped seed.

When mature, this tree produces up to 700 fruits in one harvest. Fruit is served as a table fruit which is generally eaten fresh or used as an ingredient in salads. Hard and reddish woods are often used as building materials.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Subfamily: Myrtoideae
Tribe: Syzygieae
Genus: Syzygium
Species: Syzygium samarangense
Cultivar: Klampok, Camplong, Cincalo Semarang, Cincalo abang, Cincalo ijo, Citra Demak, Lilin abang, Lilin ijo



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Sengiran (Pittosporum moluccanum)

Sengiran ( Pittosporum moluccanum ) is a species of plant in the Pittosporaceae, small tree, up to 7 meters high, green leaves, elliptical to narrow elliptical, up to 17 cm long, up to 6 cm wide, sharp tip, narrow base and 1-1.5 cm long stalk. P. moluccanum has an inflorescence which is a collection of flowers. The fruit is red, capsule-shaped, elongated oval, sharp tip, 2 broken valves containing small and red seeds. This species grows in forests, plantations, roadsides, open or shaded areas. Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Tracheophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Apiales Family: Pittosporaceae Genus: Pittosporum Species: Pittosporum moluccanum

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)

Tebu or sugarcane ( Saccharum officinarum ) is a plant species in Poaceae, a large grass that grows strong, a sturdy stalk, rich in sucrose as a simple sugar that accumulates in the stem segment and is widely cultivated in the tropics for the production of sugar, ethanol and others. S. officinarum has tall and broad stems, has no branches, grows upright, 3-5 meters high or more, has a waxy coating that is grayish white, especially on young stems. Each segment has a border where the leaves grow and has a bud which is commonly called the "budding eye". Incomplete leaves consisting only of strands and midribs, sitting at the base of the segment, long strands of 1-2 meters long, 4-7 cm wide and pointed end. The midrib grows elongated and covers the vertebrae, attached to the stem in an intermittent sitting position and protects the buds. Root fibers grow at the base of the stem, 0.5-1 meters long and only the tips of young roots have hairs to absorb nutrients. Sugarcane grows