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Mareme (Glochidion rubrum)

Mareme (Glochidion rubrum) is a species of plant in the Phyllanthaceae, a tree with a height of 5 meters, an erect, cylindrical, woody, branched trunk, linear cracked bark, grooved wood surface, greenish brown color and horizontal roots.

G. rubrum has compound, alternate, oval leaves, 3-6 cm long, 2-3 cm wide, rounded tip and base, flat edges, pinnate veins, smooth surface, upper side dark green and shiny, lower side colored pale green and has 2-3 mm.

Dlium Mareme (Glochidion rubrum)

Flowers appear in the leaf axils, have long stalks and are cylindrical in shape. Fan-shaped flowers, yellowish white, yellow stamens and white pistils.

Ball-shaped fruit, green, shiny surface and has 6 seeds in circular spaces. The seeds are crescent-shaped and red.

This species grows in hilly and mountainous soil at an elevation of 0-1000 meters above sea level, clay or sandy or limestone soil, hot and drought-resistant areas, teak forests, mahogany forests and others.

The leaves contain saponins, triterpenes, tannins, flavonoids and tannins. The bark contains saponins and flavonoids. The roots contain saponins and alkaloids. The leaves, bark and roots have antitussive, expectorant and antipyretic properties. The leaves are used to treat convulsive coughs, puerperal fever and venomous insect bites.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Subfamily: Phyllanthoideae
Tribe: Phyllantheae
Genus: Glochidion
Species: Glochidion rubrum



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