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Tabasco pepper (Capsicum frutescens)

Cabai rawit or tabasco pepper (Capsicum frutescens) is a plant species in Solanaceae, growing annuals as shrubs for 50-135 cm tall and widening 50-90 cm, an important horticulture and widely cultivated for fruits that have a spicy taste for various uses.

C. frutescens has a perpendicular and sturdy stem, a diameter of 1.5-3 cm, woody and greenish brown. Formation of wood on the main stem begins at the age of 30 days after budding. Each leaf armpit will grow new shoots as secondary branches, tertiary and so on with a Y shape and can reach 21-23 branches.

Dlium Tabasco pepper (Capsicum frutescens)

Strong, branching roots to the side form fibrous roots, penetrating the soil to a depth of 50 cm and a width of 45 cm. The leaves are bright green to dark green depending on variety, have stems, oval shaped with tapered ends and pinnate bones.

Flowers emerge from the leaf armpits, hermaphrodites, trumpet-shaped and complete organs. Usually hanging, calyx has six greenish strands and corolla has five white strands. Pistilum stems are white with greenish-yellow heads.

Each flower has one pistilum and six white colored stamen with purplish blue anthers. After pollination fertilization will occur. At the time of formation of the corolla fruit generally will fall but calyx remains attached to the fruit.

The fruit is short round with a pointed or conical tip, 2-3.5 cm long and 5-12 mm wide, yellowish white when young and red when ripe, flat round, arranged in clusters and attached to the pith.

Tabasco pepper grows well in clay-textured soils, sandy loam and dusty loam, pH 5.5-6.5, open land to get sunlight from morning to evening and good drainage system in the rainy season.

Fresh fruit contains 11,050 SI of vitamin A, or more than any other chili, considered important for ingredients in the food, beverage and pharmaceutical industries. Usually used to cure sore throats, replace the function of rubbing oil to reduce aches, rheumatism, shortness of breath, itching, boils, skin irritation and stimulate appetite.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Capsiceae
Genus: Capsicum
Species: Capsicum frutescens
Varieties: Capsicum frutescens var. baccatum, Capsicum frutescens var. cerasiforme, Capsicum frutescens var. grossum, Capsicum frutescens var. longum, Capsicum frutescens f. piment



God is tools

OPINION - God and spirit are controversial discussions in science and even mythology will have no place among naturalists and for Darwinians. Apparently this has been final that mythology is a delusional, mystical and superstitious concept that cannot be empirically proven in the world of science.

Most scientists and science activists have agreed that god is nonsense, delusional and cannot be accommodated in the theory of evolution. This opinion can be understood methodologically and I agree with the sentences. But so many behaviors are very real and occur in the field.

I am a fieldman who goes to the wild every day, along rice fields and forests to watch insects to plants, talk to people especially in villages, visit Hindu-Buddhist temples built in the 8th century, witnessing busyness in mosques, temples and churches.

I feel something is missing in the view of naturalists and Darwinians. There are short moments that are missed in analyzes in the timeline of human evolution. These lit…

Polka dot plant (Hypoestes phyllostachya)

Polka dot plant (Hypoestes phyllostachya) is a plant species in Acanthaceae, a green shrub with a height of up to 30 cm, producing flowers, green leaves with white or pink or purple spots as if sprayed with paint and many cultivars have these features often blends into a larger color area.

H. phyllostachya has many branches, purplish green stems, opposite leaves, oval, pointed and 2-4 cm long stems. Green leaves with pink spots, although they can range from white to pink to red. The bottom surface is purplish red.

The polka dot plant produces small purple flowers, solitary in a knot that resembles a honeysuckle, formed in a cob at the end of a stem and the fruit is a capsule. This plant most often grows partially in the sun.

H. phyllostachya is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant in subtropical and tropical regions. They have many cultivars with green, white or red leaves that are leveled by these colors including Camina, Confetti Blush, Pink Splash, Red Splash and White Splash.


Air plant (Kalanchoe pinnata)

Cocor bebek or air plant (Kalanchoe pinnata) is plant species in Crassulaceae, tropical, long-lived and succulent herbs that are able to live in dry places and are usually on rocky slopes, famous by the method of reproduction through shoots that grow on leaves.

K. pinnata has a taproot, but propagation using cuttings makes this plant have fibrous roots that emerge from the ends of the stems. The roots are dark brown, while young roots are lighter. It grows tall and has many branches, rather square, green or purple, soft and broad.

Leaves have a length of 5-20 cm, width 2.5-25 cm, oval or round with corrugated edges and purple, blunt ends, base rounded, bare surface, bright green or purple, contains a lot of water and fleshy. The leaves are used for propagation which produces adventitious shoots.

Compound flowers with a funnel-shaped crown, red and attached petals, short and ovoid or lanceolate crowns, eight stamens, long pistil stems and rectangular-shaped scales. The fruit is purple w…

Gadung (Dioscorea hispida)

Gadung (Dioscorea hispida) is a plant species in Dioscoreaceae, shrubs, trunks and climbing on hard-stemmed plants with convoluted direction always turning to the right from the root, 5-20 m long, producing tubers for chips, brownies, wine and others.

D. hispida has a stem of 0.5-1 cm, prickly or not, grayish green and white waxed. The stems have three leaves, 30x28 cm, the five main bones are arranged linearly, round in shape with a blunt base and pointed tip, green, rough surface, thin and limp like paper.

Male flowers are collected in bunches at the armpits of the stalks, branched, soft haired, yellow and fragrant. Compound female flowers are grain and are not branched. Yellow crown and six stamens. The fruit is elliptical, 1 cm in diameter and brown in color.

Bulbs are formed near the surface of the soil, are numerous, irregular in shape, cluster in bundles up to 25 cm wide, have root hair, yellow or light brown skin and white or yellow flesh.

Gadung has two varieties that are dist…

Chili pepper (Capsicum annuum)

Cabai or chili pepper (Capsicum annuum) is a plant species in Solanaceae, shrub with a height of 50-100 cm, stem diameter 1-1.5 cm, dark green, broad, cultured that has high economic value and is planted in various places and the season depends on the variety.

C. annuum has bright green petioles and 4-5 cm long. The leaves are lanceolate, 6-13 cm long, 1-3.5 cm wide, alternating layout, tapered tip, tapered base, smooth surface, flat edge, a main bone in the middle and 3-5 minor bones sideways.

The upper leaf surface is dark green, while the lower surface is light green. Young leaves are light green while old leaves are dark brown to black. Flowers face down, green petals and 5-6 white crowns.

Fruit facing down, long tube-shaped, pointed tip, ripe fruit has a length of 11-23 cm, diameter 1-1.7 cm. Young fruit is dark green, then turns reddish brown and turns red when ripe and has a very spicy taste. The seeds are 3-4 mm in size, yellowish white when young and dark brown when ripe.