Skip to main content

Chinese banyan (Ficus microcarpa)

Kimeng or Chinese banyan (Ficus microcarpa) is a species of plant in Moraceae, a tropical tree, large trunk and strong wood, wide canopy like an umbrella, aerial roots to the ground to grow into a trunk, bright round fruit, widely planted as shade trees and bonsai.

F. microcarpa has a height of up to 76 meters, horizontal branching, smooth, light gray bark and many long aerial roots that touch the ground to form new tree trunks that remain connected to the main tree.

Dlium Chinese banyan (Ficus microcarpa)

Leaves oblong, 5-6 cm long, blunt or sharp tip, thickened edge, a bone in the middle and several sideways veins. The upper surface is dark green and shiny, the lower surface is lighter and the stalk is short.

The fruit is about 1 cm in size and is oval in shape with a slightly sharp base. The surface has raised white spots, light green when young, reddish white when ripe and black to dry out.

The Chinese banyan as a tropical and subtropical species requires a warm and humid climate in rainforests, river banks, beaches, swamps and mangroves. In cities it grows wild in cracks, walls, buildings and other masonry elements. This species is tolerant of soil moisture and urban pollutants.

Kimeng is widely used as a shade tree in gardens or monumental areas and as an object of experimentation by bonsai hobbyists. The bark, aerial roots and dried leaves are used to fight pain and fever, flu, malaria, bronchitis and rheumatism.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Ficus
Species: Ficus microcarpa
Varieties: Ficus microcarpa var. hillii, Ficus microcarpa var. latifolia, Ficus microcarpa var. microcarpa, Ficus microcarpa var. saffordii



Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri)

Porang or iles-iles ( Amorphophallus muelleri ) is a plant species in Araceae, the petiole is a pseudo stem with a height of 40-180 cm, 1-5 cm in diameter, round, green or purple with irregular white spots, each branching point grows brown bulbil and yellow bulb. A. muelleri has all leaves or stems or stems that are light green to dark green or gray and has greenish-white patches, smooth or smooth surface. The leaves are elliptical in shape with pointed leaf tips, smooth and wavy surface. When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaves branching with 3 minor petioles. Young leaves have light purple or green edges and will end in yellow and 0.3-0.5 mm wide. The whole canopy is 50-150 cm wide. The stems grow above the tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and a height of 75-175 cm. Tubers have a brownish yellow or gray color on the outer surface and brownish yellow on the inside, are slightly oval in shape, fibrous roots, weigh 450-3350 grams, smooth tissue, 4-5 months of dormanc

Pandan (Pandanus amaryllifolius)

Pandan ( Pandanus amaryllifolius ) is a plant species in Pandanaceae, a monocot that has rosette leaves, has three linear folds, is green, grows in the shade, has a distinctive aroma and is an important component in the cooking tradition as an aroma generator. P. amaryllifolius has strong roots that support this plant when it is grown. The leaves are elongated like a palm and arranged in a tight rosette, up to 60 cm long. Some varieties have serrated leaf edges. Pandan grows wild in yards, on the edges of gutters and in shady rice fields. Leaves are quite an important component in the culinary tradition as a food fragrance because of the aroma they produce. A leaf is placed between rice, cakes or other dishes such as compote and green bean porridge. This distinctive fragrant aroma is strong when the leaves are fresh. Pandan is also used as a source of green color for food, a decorative component for serving food and part of flower arrangements at weddings to make the room fragrant.

Javanese grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis)

Wooden grasshopper or Javanese grasshopper ( Valanga nigricornis ) is an animal species of Acrididae, grasshoppers that have at least 18 subspecies, insects with very wide diversity in color and size, sexual dimorphism in which females are larger in size and paler in color. V. nigricornis in males has a length of 45-55 millimeters and females 15-75 mm. The head is square and green or yellow or brown or black in color. A pair of antennas has a black color. The eyes are large and gray or white or brownish. The hind legs are very large and have a green or yellow or brown or black color, plain or brindle. The limbs have two rows of large and long spines with black tips facing backward. The wings have a length exceeding the belly, a rough surface and are brown or green or yellow or black in color with pulse lines forming spaces filled with black color. The hind wings are rose red which will be visible when flying. Nymphs are pale green or yellow or brown or blackish in color. Javanese gr