Skip to main content

Chinese banyan (Ficus microcarpa)

Kimeng or Chinese banyan (Ficus microcarpa) is a species of plant in Moraceae, a tropical tree, large trunk and strong wood, wide canopy like an umbrella, aerial roots to the ground to grow into a trunk, bright round fruit, widely planted as shade trees and bonsai.

F. microcarpa has a height of up to 76 meters, horizontal branching, smooth, light gray bark and many long aerial roots that touch the ground to form new tree trunks that remain connected to the main tree.

Dlium Chinese banyan (Ficus microcarpa)

Leaves oblong, 5-6 cm long, blunt or sharp tip, thickened edge, a bone in the middle and several sideways veins. The upper surface is dark green and shiny, the lower surface is lighter and the stalk is short.

The fruit is about 1 cm in size and is oval in shape with a slightly sharp base. The surface has raised white spots, light green when young, reddish white when ripe and black to dry out.

The Chinese banyan as a tropical and subtropical species requires a warm and humid climate in rainforests, river banks, beaches, swamps and mangroves. In cities it grows wild in cracks, walls, buildings and other masonry elements. This species is tolerant of soil moisture and urban pollutants.

Kimeng is widely used as a shade tree in gardens or monumental areas and as an object of experimentation by bonsai hobbyists. The bark, aerial roots and dried leaves are used to fight pain and fever, flu, malaria, bronchitis and rheumatism.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Ficus
Species: Ficus microcarpa
Varieties: Ficus microcarpa var. hillii, Ficus microcarpa var. latifolia, Ficus microcarpa var. microcarpa, Ficus microcarpa var. saffordii



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Elephant bell gourd (Trichosanthes tricuspidata)

Elephant bell gourd ( Trichosanthes tricuspidata ) is a plant species in the Cucurbitaceae, stems grow elongated to propagate or climb, many branches, cylindrical in shape and green in color. T. cochinchinensis has stem tips or branches that twist to attach themselves to a support or other plant. It grows to climb to cover a support, usually on another plant, up to several meters and creeps along the ground to reach another support. Arrow-shaped leaves, split base, sharp apex and two wings at an acute angle, have many veins ending at a sharp edge, green and have a long petiole. Single flower is white. The fruit is round to oval, ends with a tail, young green and turns red with maturity, thin skin, thick flesh and reddish yellow, has a short stalk and hangs. The seeds are in the middle of the fruit. Seeds are white, oval and flat. Black coated seeds. Elephant bell gourd grows wild in primary and secondary forests, agricultural land, roadsides, watersheds, especially on slopes, damp a

Redflower ragleaf (Crassocephalum crepidioides)

Sintrong or ebolo or thickhead or redflower ragleaf ( Crassocephalum crepidioides ) are plant species in Asteraceae, terma height 25-100 cm, white fibrous roots, generally grow wild on the roadside, yard gardens or abandoned lands at altitude 200- 2500 m. C. crepidioides has erect or horizontal stems along the soil surface, vascular, soft, non-woody, shallow grooves, green, rough surface and short white hair, aromatic fragrance when squeezed. Petiole is spread on stems, tubular and eared. Single leaf, spread out, green, 8-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, longitudinal or round inverted eggshell with a narrow base along the stalk. Pointed tip, flat-edged or curved to pinnate, jagged rough and pointed. The top leaves are smaller and often sit. Compound flowers grow throughout the year in humps that are arranged in terminal flat panicles and androgynous. Green cuffs with orange-brown to brick-red tips, cylindrical for 13-16 mm long and 5-6 mm wide. The crown is yellow with a brownish red