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Baby jump up (Mecardonia procumbens)

Baby jump up or yellow-flowered water hyssop (Mecardonia procumbens) is a plant species in the Plantaginaceae, fibrous roots, stems rectangular, smooth, upright and branching from the base, growing on sandy soil, wet, streams and rice fields at elevations up to 1160 meters .

M. procumbens has leaves that sit opposite each other, are hairless and have short or indistinct stalks. The strands are elliptical to ovate, 10–25 mm long, 6–12 mm broad, apically blunt ends and serrated margins.

Dlium Baby jump up (Mecardonia procumbens)

Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic, axillary and solitary. Pedicels thin, hairless, 4-6 mm long, longer than fruit (6-18 mm), bracts 2-4 mm long, linear, mostly intact and located at the base of the peduncle.

Free petals with a sharp base, hairless, 5 lobes, 6-10 mm long. Outer lobe 3 ovate, oblong, attenuated at apex, obtuse at base, 2 inner lobes shorter, much narrower and linear.

The corolla has 2 lips, yellow with a purple stripe on the upper lip, slightly longer than the calyx. The upper lip is limiting. Stamens 4 items and dynamo. Branched anther cells. Superior ovary, almost ovoid, filiform in shape, 1.3 mm long and curved at the apex.

Fruit capsule, narrow ellipsoid, stalked, glabrous, 5-6 mm long, ruptured locally and septically from apex, calyx accrescent, outer sepals being 9 mm long and 5 mm wide. Seeds numerous, round with yellow or greenish brown, oval with a blunt or truncated apex and 0.8 mm long.

This species grows in forests, savannas, scrublands, grasslands, inland and terrestrial wetlands. Plants are used as neuro-stimulants and brain stimulants, poultices and scabs, cuts, wounds and ringworm.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Lamiales
Family: Plantaginaceae
Tribe: Gratioleae
Genus: Mecardonia
Species: Mecardonia procumbens



Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia)

Sonokeling or Java palisandre or Indian rosewood ( Dalbergia latifolia ) is a species of plant in the Fabaceae, a large tree producing hardwood, medium weight and high quality, rounded leaves, thin and broad pods, highly adaptive, grows in dry and rocky landscapes with lots of sunlight. D. latifolia has medium to large size, cylindrical stems, up to 40 m high with a ring of up to 2 m, the bark is brownish gray and slightly cracked longitudinally. The crown is dense, dome-shaped and sheds leaves. The leaves are compound and pinnate oddly with 5-7 strands that have different sizes and appear alternately on the shaft. The leaves are round or elongated in width or heart, the upper surface is green and the surface is pale green. The flowers are small, 0.5-1 cm long and clustered in panicles. The pods are green to brown when ripe and are elongated lanceolate, pointed at the base and tip. The pods have 1-4 seeds which are soft and brownish. Indian rosewood grows at elevations below 600 m,

Sengiran (Pittosporum moluccanum)

Sengiran ( Pittosporum moluccanum ) is a species of plant in the Pittosporaceae, small tree, up to 7 meters high, green leaves, elliptical to narrow elliptical, up to 17 cm long, up to 6 cm wide, sharp tip, narrow base and 1-1.5 cm long stalk. P. moluccanum has an inflorescence which is a collection of flowers. The fruit is red, capsule-shaped, elongated oval, sharp tip, 2 broken valves containing small and red seeds. This species grows in forests, plantations, roadsides, open or shaded areas. Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Tracheophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Apiales Family: Pittosporaceae Genus: Pittosporum Species: Pittosporum moluccanum

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)

Tebu or sugarcane ( Saccharum officinarum ) is a plant species in Poaceae, a large grass that grows strong, a sturdy stalk, rich in sucrose as a simple sugar that accumulates in the stem segment and is widely cultivated in the tropics for the production of sugar, ethanol and others. S. officinarum has tall and broad stems, has no branches, grows upright, 3-5 meters high or more, has a waxy coating that is grayish white, especially on young stems. Each segment has a border where the leaves grow and has a bud which is commonly called the "budding eye". Incomplete leaves consisting only of strands and midribs, sitting at the base of the segment, long strands of 1-2 meters long, 4-7 cm wide and pointed end. The midrib grows elongated and covers the vertebrae, attached to the stem in an intermittent sitting position and protects the buds. Root fibers grow at the base of the stem, 0.5-1 meters long and only the tips of young roots have hairs to absorb nutrients. Sugarcane grows