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Cat's whiskers (Orthosiphon aristatus)

Remujung or kumis kucing or cat's whiskers (Orthosiphon aristatus) is a plant species in Lamiaceae, upright trunked, famously used as a traditional medicinal plant that has many benefits and uses for overcoming various diseases.

O. aristatus has a rooted bottom at the joints, up to 2 meters high, the stem has four corners and is slightly grooved with short or bare feathers, has segments where branches and leaves grow left and right and are dark purple in color.

Dlium Cat's whiskers (Orthosiphon aristatus)

Oblong-shaped leaves, lanceolate, rounded base and pointed tip, 1-10 cm long, 0.7-1.5 cm wide, serrated edge, a main bone in the middle and several minor bones sideways, dark green, both surfaces are mottled by many glands.

Flowers are white, glands are petals, veins and base of short hair, while at the very top are bald. Terminal crowns are bunches that come out of the ends of branches with a length of 7-29 cm, the upper part is covered by short purple feathers and turns white, tube lengths are 10-18 mm and lip lengths are 4.5-10 mm.

The stamens are longer than the flower tube and exceed the upper lip of the flower. The fruit is dark brown, 1.75-2 mm long, short and sparsely hairy handles, 1-6 mm long. Two varieties recorded are Orthosiphon aristatus var. aristatus and Orthosiphon aristatus var. velteri.

Cat's whiskers are easy to grow on agricultural land, andosol and latosol soils, altitude 500-1,200 m, rainfall more than 3,000 mm/year with full sun and hot to moderate temperatures.

Wet and dry leaves are used to treat a variety of diseases including diuretics, rheumatism, fever, constipation, kidney inflammation, kidney stones, diabetes, albuminuria, syphilis, lowering blood glucose and antibacterial levels.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Ocimeae
Subtribe: Ociminae
Genus: Orthosiphon
Species: Orthosiphon aristatus
Varieties: Orthosiphon aristatus var. aristatus dan Orthosiphon aristatus var. velteri.



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Drasena or cornstalk dracena (Dracaena fragrans) is a species of flowering plant in Asparagaceae, a shrub that grows slowly, is very adaptive and inhabits in altitude regions of 600-2250 m, multistemmed at the base, up to 15 m high or higher with narrow, upright and slender crowns.

D. fragrans has a round stem with a diameter of up to 30 cm, young plants have a single stem and are not branched with a rosette of leaves to the ends, producing two or more new stems with subsequent flowering episodes.

Lanceolate leaves, 20-150 cm long, 2-12 cm wide, green overall or yellow vertical stripes follow the bone trench in the middle for some varieties, shiny, upright young leaves to spread and larger leaves droop due to weight.

The flowers in panicles are 15-160 cm long, individual flowers have a diameter of 2.5 cm with a six-lobed corolla, are pink and open white with the center having a red or purple line on each lobe for 7-12 mm, very fragrant and popular with pollinating insects.

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Porang or iles-iles (Amorphophallus muelleri) is a plant species in Araceae, the leaves are pseudo stems with a height of 40-180 cm and a diameter of 1-5 cm, tubular, green with irregular white patches, each branching point grows bulbil colored brown and yellow tubers.

A. muelleri has pseudo stems and leaves that are bright green to dark green and have greenish white patches. The surface of the stalk is smooth, while the leaves are smooth wavy. Ellipse-shaped leaves with pointed tips.

When flushing has 3, 4-5, 5-6 and finally 6 minor leaf strands with 3 small leaf stems. Young leaves have edges that are light purple, green and will end yellow with a width of 0.3-0.5 mm. Canopy has a width of 50-150 cm.

Stems grow on tubers with a diameter of 25-50 mm and height 75-175 cm. The color of the tuber is brownish or beige on the outer surface and brownish on the inside, rather oval and stringy roots, weight 450-3350 grams, fine tissue, 4-5 months dormant period and 35-55% glucomannan content.

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Paitan or Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia) is a plant species in Asteraceae, shrubs with 2-4 meters high, abundant yellow flowers, fast growing, tolerant to high canopy density with deep roots and widely used as a barrier to erosion, insulin and green fertilizer.

T. diversifolia grows upright, erect stems are tubular and green woody. Single leaf arranged alternately, length up to 32 cm, width up to 25 cm, sharp edges and base, pinnate bones, rough surface and green. Young leaves have a tip, while adult leaves have 3-5 ends.

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